What Are the Most Common Dental Surgeries Performed in Dentistry?

Ever stop to think just how much our dental health and oral hygiene affect us daily? The state of our teeth, gums, and overall mouth health influences our social interactions, our food choices, and our overall self-esteem. It is more than just having a pleasant smile; our oral health is crucial for our overall well-being. 

However, not everyone can maintain optimal oral health merely through preventative dentistry or regular dental check-ups. Suppose you find yourself dealing with stubborn oral health issues that are unresponsive to routine cleaning and care. In that case, you might have to consider more in-depth solutions such as dental treatments and at times, dental surgeries. 

Dentistry Explained

First things first, let’s clarify what dentistry entails. This crucial healthcare profession covers the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of a broad spectrum of conditions affecting our teeth, gums, and related mouth structures. It encompasses a variety of dental services, from the simple to the intricate.

When you step into their office, dental professionals use a wide array of procedures and cutting-edge dental technology to tackle different oral health problems, all in a bid to maintain, restore, or enhance your smiles. Sometimes, these treatments fall under the surgical category. So, what are these dental surgeries? Strap in as we take a detailed look.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

This first category is quite a mouthful, quite literally! Oral and maxillofacial surgery addresses issues concerning not just the mouth but also the jaws and face. Professionals in this area go through extra training to handle more complex cases. They provide essential services like treating traumatic injuries, removing tumors and cysts, and performing reconstructive surgery.

  • Removing Wisdom Teeth: Have you experienced those pesky wisdom teeth causing issues as they try to erupt? Sometimes, these teeth don’t find enough space to grow, leading to being ‘impacted.’ It causes discomfort and could crowd the other teeth. That’s when this surgical procedure comes in handy.
  • Performing Corrective Jaw Surgery: Still under the oral and maxillofacial department, this surgery goes a long way in treating jaw irregularities. Hey, it even improves speech, chewing, and sleeping disorders caused by sleep apnea.
  • Repairing Facial Injuries: In the unfortunate event of an accident that causes facial injuries, oral and maxillofacial surgeons pull out their surgical tools. They often handle surgery to repair fractured jaws and restore other broken facial bones.

Under the Umbrella of Restorative Dentistry

Restorative dentistry has one primary aim – to restore the regular function and aesthetic appeal of the mouth. It is all about regaining what we’ve lost or fixing what’s been damaged due to various oral health conditions. Dental specialists in this department use different procedures, depending on the needs of the patient, to restore the mouth to its optimal state.

  • Installation of Dental Implants: Do you have a missing tooth or even more teeth? Don’t fret. Dental implants are here for just that. With a state-of-the-art titanium implant put in the jaw and a substitute tooth mounted on it, you can almost forget about your lost tooth.
  • Fitting of Dental Crowns and Bridges: For damaged or missing teeth, this surgical procedure might just be the answer. Dental crowns act as covers for a damaged tooth restoring its normal appearance and function. On the flip side, for one or a few missing teeth, bridges form the perfect solution.
  • Performing Dental Fillings: Tooth decay is typical, and often the affected parts of the tooth require proper cleaning and filling. Restorative material is inserted into these clean areas, which serves to strengthen the tooth and prevent further decay. Such a filling also restores the tooth’s proper function and shape.

Common Endodontic Procedures

There’s a branch in dentistry that addresses issues related to the interior health of our teeth. Specific dental treatments called endodontic procedures are devoted to taking care of the tooth pulp and the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth.

  • Root Canal Therapy: Have you ever experienced an infection inside your tooth that hurts terribly? This scenario is where root canal therapy comes to the rescue. The infected pulp inside the tooth is removed, and the canals are cleaned. Finally, the interior of the tooth is sealed to prevent any future infections in that location.
  • Pulpotomy: Here is another scenario where tooth decay or damage causes severe pain. Pulpotomy is the procedure where the entire pulp or its part is removed to relieve that pain.

About Periodontal Treatments

Last but not least, let’s look at periodontal treatments. Under this form of dental therapy, dentists concentrate on structures supporting the teeth. It mainly involves dealing with gum diseases and the underlying bone. These common surgeries include:

  • Conducting Gingival Flap Surgery: This procedure occurs when gums have become chronically infected to a level that a standard cleaning can’t handle anymore. The gums are surgically detached from the teeth to give access to deep-rooted bacteria to remove them efficiently.
  • Performing Soft Tissue Grafts: It becomes alarming when gums retreat too far down the tooth, exposing the root. These dentists remove tissues from other parts of the mouth and graft them into the affected area, effectively covering the exposed root.

To End

From preventative to pediatric and from cosmetic to restorative and more, the expanse of dentistry is vast. Each of these fields plays a critical role in helping us maintain our oral health and enhancing our smiles. Dental surgery, though often daunting at the thought of it, plays a crucial role in salvaging our oral health in severe conditions. 

However, it’s essential to remember that regular professional dental check-ups and keeping up with good dental hygiene can keep at bay many such surgeries. Keep your teeth and gums in priority because your oral health matters more than you think!